Arduino Introduction

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What is Arduino and why it is used?

Arduino Introduction

Arduino consists of both a physical programmable circuit board (often referred to as a microcontroller) and a piece of software, or IDE (Integrated Development Environment) that runs on your computer, used to write and upload computer code to the physical board.

Used for?

Arduino is an open-source electronics prototyping platform based on flexible, easy-to-use hardware and software. It’s intended for artists, designers, hobbyists, and anyone interested in creating interactive objects or environments.

arduino variants

Simple words?

What is ArduinoArduino is an open-source electronics platform based on easy-to-use hardware and software. Arduino boards are able to read inputs – light on a sensor, a finger on a button, or a Twitter message – and turn it into an output – activating a motor, turning on an LED, publishing something online.

How does a Arduino work?

The Arduino board is connected to a computer via USB, where it connects with theArduino development environment (IDE). The user writes the Arduino code in the IDE, then uploads it to the microcontroller which executes the code, interacting with inputs and outputs such as sensors, motors, and lights.

arduino boards

What is the advantage of Arduino?

One disadvantage of the Arduino Microcontroller is that its resolution is only 10 bits. But you can expect very high resolution for a less that 10 USD Microcontroller. Furthermore, you can add modules to increase the resolution to up to 16 bits for 15 USD. The main advantage is its cost and its modular capabilities.

What language is Arduino?

Actually C is the most common because the IDE of arduino work with it. You are a bit confused. I would stick with the c/c++ arduino enviroment for the arduino. Java, Python, Processing are used on the pc to run communications with the arduino, they are not laguages for the arduino.

What can you make with Arduino?

Looking for a fun electronics project?
arduino uno r3 1
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Arduino Uno R3
LilyPad Arduino.
Red Board
Arduino Mega (R3)
Arduino Leonardo.
Arduino Uno R3


The Uno is a huge option for your initial Arduino. It consists of 14-digital I/O pins, where 6-pins can be used as PWM(pulse width modulation outputs), 6-analog inputs, a reset button, a power jack, a USB connection and more. It includes everything required to hold up the microcontroller; simply attach it to a PC with the help of a USB cable and give the supply to get started with a AC-to-DC adapter or battery.

LilyPad Arduino.

51IHi0iEVHL. SX342The Lily Pad Arduino board is a wearable e-textile technology expanded by Leah Buechleyand considerately designed by  Leah and SparkFun. Each board was imaginatively designed with huge connecting pads & a smooth back to let them to be sewn into clothing using conductive thread. This Arduino also comprises of I/O, power, and also sensor boards which are built especially for e-textiles. These are even washable!

Red Board

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The RedBoard aAduino board can be programmed using a Mini-B USB cable using the Arduino IDE. It will work on Windows 8 without having to modify your security settings.It is more constant due to the USB or FTDI chip we used and also it is entirely flat on the back. Creating it is very simple to utilize in the project design. Just plug the board, select the menu option to choose an Arduino UNO and you are ready to upload the program. You can control the RedBoard over USB cable using the barrel jack.

Arduino Mega (R3)

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The Arduino Mega is similar to the UNO’s big brother. It includes lots of digital I/O pins (from that, 14-pins can be used as PWM o/ps), 6-analog inputs, a reset button, a power jack, a USB connection and a reset button. It includes everything required to hold up the microcontroller; simply attach it to a PC with the help of a USB cable and give the supply to get started with a AC-to-DC adapter or battery.The huge number of pins make this Arduino board very helpful for designing the projects that need a bunch of digital i/ps or o/ps like lots buttons

Arduino Leonardo.

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The first development board of an Arduino is the Leonardo board. This board uses one microcontroller along with the USB. That means, it can be very simple and cheap also. Because this board handles USB directly, program libraries are obtainable which let the Arduino board to follow a keyboard of the computer, mouse, etc.


Arduino is an open-source hardware and software company, project and user community that designs and manufactures single-board microcontrollers and microcontroller kits for building digital devices.


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